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I hold a PhD in International Relations from the University of St Andrews.
My doctoral thesis "From Jihad-Making to State-Building: Understanding Governance by Salafi-Jihadist Insurgents" focused on the phenomenon of Salafi-Jihadist rebel governance in Yemen, Syria, and Iraq.
My doctoral research was funded by the Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St Andrews.
Over the past few years, I have been working as Consultant on a variety of projects for humanitarian organizations, academic institutions, and governments.
Most recently, I have been working as Research and Policy Consultant on MENA for the German Federal Foreign Office's Data and Innovation Center.
My areas of expertise are armed groups, civil wars, IHL, human rights, and the HDP nexus. Geographically, my focus is on the MENA region - specifically, Yemen, Syria, and the Red Sea region.
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